Throughout a woman’s life, the female hormones estrogen and progesterone are responsible for reproductive health and for supporting many of the tissues throughout the body. These hormones are produced in the ovary, when stimulated by the brain to do so. As a woman ages, the ovaries stop producing sex hormones at the same rate. This can happen as early as in the late 30s or early 40s, and women may start to notice symptoms as a result of their changing hormones. Hormonal fluctuations may begin to cause irregularities in menstrual bleeding, mood swings, hot flashes, brain fog, changes in metabolism, and changes in sleep patterns. Some women may suffer from these types of symptoms for up to 10 years, before they finally complete the menopause transition.
Causes, stages, symptoms, & treatments
What is menopause?
What causes menopause?
Normal aging is what leads most women into the menopause transition in their late 30s or early 40s. It’s natural for hormone production in the ovaries to decrease, and the result is a wide spectrum of menopausal symptoms.
OOPHORECTOMY / HYSTERECTOMY
When a woman has her uterus removed via hysterectomy, this does not cause any change in hormone production, as the uterus does not produce hormones. Sometimes the fallopian tubes are removed (salpingectomy) and/or the ovaries (oophorectomy) along with the uterus, to reduce risk of future cancers. Removal of the fallopian tubes also has no effect on hormones. However, removal of the ovaries will cause the sudden onset of menopause, since they are the primary source of estrogen in the body.
CANCER THERAPIES (CHEMO / RADIATION)
When a woman has cancer of any part of her body and requires treatment with chemotherapy medications or radiation, exposure to these forms of treatment may cause the ovaries to shut down, prompting the onset of menopause.
PRIMARY OVARIAN INSUFFICIENCY
For a small subgroup of women, the ovaries shut down prematurely. This causes a woman to enter the menopause transition much earlier than expected. Typically, primary ovarian insufficiency is diagnosed if a women completes menopause before the age of 40.
The Stages of Menopause
There are over 100 symptoms associated with menopause, but the following are some of the most common:
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symptoms of menopause?
Want to learn about all of the symptoms of menopause?
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What you’ll receive:
- 1Information about the menopause transition and what it entails
- 2A breakdown of the 100+ menopause-related symptoms, why they occur, and how you can treat them
- 3The treatment options available to you TODAY to address any current symptoms you may be experiencing
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or hormonal therapy (HT)
Non-hormonal prescription drugs
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
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Take charge towards a happy life in menopause!
Knowledge is power. Becoming educated about the symptoms and signs to look for will help you recognize when you’re going through the menopause transition. By seeking treatment when you need it, and choosing treatment options that fit your lifestyle, you can make this transition a smooth one.
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